fmea in Hindi Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)

fmea in Hindi Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) pdf training design aur process related jo bhi failure modes hai unhe hum identify karte hai.
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis; fmea posters;fmea in hindi
Quality Management tool ke 5 core tool hote hai
  1. Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) training in hindi
  2. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) training in hindi
  3. Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA) training in hindi
  4. Statistical Process Control (SPC) training in hindi
  5. Product Part Approval Process (PPAP) in hindi
What is FMEA ?
Hamara koi bhi product ya process kisi bhi tarah se fail na ho iske kaun kaun se reasion hai fail hone ke aur uska kya impact aayega iski complete process hoti hai wah hum fmea me kaarte hai. isme hame yah pata chalta hai ki hamara kis jagah par failure hua hai isse hum all process ko study karte hai aur hum find out karte hai ki kya reasion ho sakte hai is failure ke.

Agar hamare process me kuch failure ho gaya tab use analysis aur findout karne ke liye FMEA ka use karte hai ki kis wajah se yah failure generate hua hai.

FMEA karne se ky benifits hota hai - isse fayda kya hai aur hame ise kyu karna chahiye.
  • - FMEA se design aur process related jo bhi failure modes hai unhe hum identify karte hai.
  • - Hum un failier modes ka effect aur severity identify karte hai.
  • - Uske causes identify karte hai aur probability aur occurence ko identify karte hai 
  • - Isme hum uska efectiveness aur control samajhne ki kosis karte hai 
  • - Hum risk ko quantifes (matra) karte hai aur prioritizes (prathmikta) bhi karte hai 
  • - Last me action plan ko document karte hai aur us par impliment karte hai.
Types of process -
  • Review all process-  pahle hum sabhi process ko review karege hamara failure jis point pe hua hai iske liye hua sabhi process ko review karte hai
  • Failure modes process-  hamare process me Failure hone ke Chance kya hai matlab kis tarah se hamare process me failure ho sakta hai.
  • Failure modes effects - agar Failure hota hai to uska effect kya hoga. 
  • Severity ranking -  severity ranking yah hamare potential failure effect ke severity ko identify karta hai means jo failure hua hai uska impact (prabhav) kya hoga.isme hua (severity ek numerical value hota hai) ek value assign karte hai wah kis rank me aata hai ex 1,2,3,4,....
  • Failure mode causes-  Agar failure mode hota hia to uske hone ke karan kya kya causes ho sakte hai.
  • Occurrence rankings- agar failure hua to uske occurence ki frequency kya banti hai.
  • Failure modes controls- Failure modes ko control karne ke liye on time hamare pass kya kya mechanism hai kya method hai kis tarah ke control mere pass hai.
  • Detection rating- Agar failure hota hai to mere detection ke process me kitni probilities banti hai ki agar failure hota hai to ise detect kar liya jaayega.
  • Risk Priority Number(RPN)- yah severity,occurrence and detection ka multiplication number hota hia. isme hum rpn calculate karte hai teeno value severity,occurrence and detection assign karne ke baad me hum calculare karege rpn value (RPN- Risk Priority Number) iske liye hum in teeno ki value ko multiply karege aur jo bhi value aata hai wah RPN value hoga.
RPN means Risk priority numbers.
RPN = Severity × Occurrence × Detection.
  • Action planing - Isme hum action plan karte hai severity,occurrence and detection isme improvement karke hum ise kam kar sakte hai kaise improvement kar sakte hai matlab hum yaha par severity rating,occurrence rating and detection rating me kami lane ki kosis karte hai.

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